Endoscopy mainly involves a closer examination of the individual’s digestive tract. The procedure is performed mainly using an instrument called the endoscope. It is essentially a tube that would contain light and a camera that would be inserted inside you to monitor the pictures of your affected tract.
In the instance of upper GI endoscopy, the instrument would be passed into the mouth, and the throat and into the esophagus( this can be done with or without sedation) . This would also allow the Gastroenterologist to view all the components inside the stomach, the esophagus and the upper intestine with much more detail.
The need for endoscopy would be basically carried out to examine,
• Pains in Stomach
• Ulcer and Gastritis problems.
• Bleeding in the digestive tracts.
• Chronic Constipation problems resulting in erratic bowel behavior.
• Colon or Polyp growths
The procedure of endoscopy is also performed in the event of biopsy to check any possible issues in the digestive tract. If need be, the problem can also be resolved using endoscopy by stopping any internal bleeding or ulcer formation in the digestive tracts. Even the colon and the polyps can be removed so as to prevent the possible growth of colon cancer.
Endoscopy is even carried out on the large intestines passing it into the rectum which is then used for examining the intestinal area. This specific procedure is termed as sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, and it would be determined as to how far the colon would be scrutinized.
The areas around the pancreas are also examined using endoscopy which is technically termed as ERCP or endoscopic cholangiopancreatography. This would enable an instrument to take some vital snaps on the areas surrounding the pancreas, and the gallbladder, and other relevant structures around it.
Endoscopy is therefore considered to be a safe option with only the minor chances of side effects and other complications. It is therefore recommended to discuss these points before going forward for it.