Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography or ERCP is a methodology that would enable your doctor to carefully scrutinize the pancreatic areas and the bile ducts. The endoscope plays an important role in the identification of ERCP. It is inserted inside your mouth, which then reaches the stomach, and then into the duodenum, which is a part of the small intestine.
An opening is marked in the duodenum called the ampulla, and another tube comes from the endoscope, which goes into the ampulla. The final step involves the injection of dye and the X-rays are taken of the surrounding areas over there, specifically the pancreatic ducts and the liver.
ERCP is mainly performed to eliminate the issues caused inside the pancreas or bile ducts. Symptoms are evaluated carefully and identified in the specific organs. The testing phases would also involve blood tests, imaging tests like the ultrasound or the CT scans. The main reasons which result in ERCP include,
• Uncontrollable pains in abdomen.
• Incessant weight loss.
• Contraction of Jaundice resulting in the skin turning yellowish.
• Presence of stones or mass in the organs surrounding the pancreas.
ERCP generally takes place before or after the gallbladder surgery. This procedure can be used to remove the bile duct stones that have been formed inside the organs. Even the presence of cancerous and non-cancerous tumors can be taken care of using the endoscope. Also, if the patients face any complications concerning the gall-bladder surgery, ERCP makes sure that they are treated completely.
It is important that you consult your respective gastroenterologist before the surgery takes place. Even before the procedure, your physician would consult with the do’s and the don’ts that need to be strictly adhered to. If you have any additional queries, you would be able to clarify with him/her accordingly.