Bile Duct Stones are essentially either gallstones which pass down from the gall bladder into the bile duct or are created in the bile duct. The formation starts from the gallbladder and travels into the bile duct, OR the stones can form directly in the bile duct. Bile duct stones cause blockage of the bile duct and can result in symptoms ranging from pain abdomen and jaundice to extreme infection spreading all over the body.
Gallstones and bile duct stones are two similar entities, the only difference between them is that they are situated at different parts of the body and hence their symptoms differ.
Stones usually pass out of the bile duct without any assistance, but when one gets stuck at the bile duct is the time when medical intervention becomes important. Otherwise, it might lead to inflammation issues, bacterial infection, and serious organ damages as well.
Some of the possible symptoms concerning the formation of bile duct stones would be,
• Uncontrollable abdominal pain which can occur at irregular intervals.
• Patients might experience a touch of nausea.
• Vomiting problems.
Duct Stones can be mainly treated mainly using the Bile Duct Stone Extraction procedure otherwise known as the ERCP. It can even be performed using proper surgery to remove the bile ducts. Initially, the surgery consisted of a single incision which was carried out in the abdomen otherwise known as the open cholecystectomy.
Gallstones can be removed using normal surgery simultaneously with the keyhole technique. Duct stone extraction can even be performed using an endoscope wherein the tube is inserted and the stone removal procedure begins. Bile Duct Stone Extraction is also performed using the keyhole techniques preferably laparoscopic surgery.
Another technique that is utilized for this would be mechanical and intraductal electrohydraulic lithotripsy. The mechanical procedure involves a collective breakdown of the duct stones inside the wire basket. The stones are then removed using an endoscope. Intraductal Electrohydraulic procedure included a probe to be inserted inside the body, that produced shockwaves for breaking the stones inside.